The Educator Effectiveness report summarizes how school districts have rated the effectiveness of their teachers and administrators. Effective instruction can have a positive impact on student learning. These data are important, because they can help improve instruction and thereby improve learning and outcomes for Michigan students. A school district can see where its coaching and professional development needs are and provide feedback and positive reinforcement for effective classroom practices. They can also use the data to make decisions around such things as assignments, mentoring, scheduling, goal setting, and merit pay.
Teachers include staff members who are assigned to provide educational instruction to students. For this report, administrators include superintendents, assistant superintendents, administrators, principals and assistant principals.
State and federal laws require local school districts and charter schools to formally evaluate teachers and administrators and to report effectiveness ratings each year. Michigan school districts must use ratings of Highly Effective, Effective, Minimally Effective or Ineffective. However, it is up to the local district to decide the factors used to evaluate and how the rating is determined. This means that a teacher rated “Effective” in one district could have a very different rating in another district. Evaluation factors used by school districts could include: absenteeism, classroom management, content knowledge, instructional practices and leadership, pedagogical knowledge and practice, principal/supervisor evaluations, professional development, professional responsibilities, providing appropriate support, conducting evaluations validly and reliably, and student achievement and student growth measures.
Exploring the Educator Effectiveness report can answer questions like the following:
What's the effectiveness rating of teachers at my school?
Under Edit Report/Find Location, select your Intermediate School District (ISD), District, or School in the dropdown menu or by using the Keyword Search feature. Under Report Settings, choose School Year, then Staff Group/Teachers. Click View Results. The resulting graph displays a Snapshot view - teachers rated Effective or higher are shaded blue; those rated Minimally Effective or lower are shaded Orange. Actual numbers can be seen in the table or by holding your cursor over points in the graph.
Has there been a change in effectiveness ratings over time?
Under Edit Report/Find Location, select your School. In Report Settings, choose the School Year and Staff Group you wish. Then, click View Results. When your report appears, click Trend view at the top.
How do the effectiveness ratings of administrators in my district compare to the state as a whole?
Under Edit Report/Find Location, select your District, or School in the dropdown menu or by using the Keyword Search feature. Then, click the blue Add Comparison button and Reset to Statewide. Under Report Settings, choose School Year and then Staff Group/Administrators. When your results appear, you'll get a better comparison graph by clicking Percentage in the gray view bar at the top.
What factors were used by my school to rate an educator's effectiveness?
To see which factors each district used for its ratings for school year 2014-15 and prior, see the Educator Evaluation and Factors Report on the Staffing Summary page. If you don’t see your school in the list, it could be because the district or building has no administrators or teachers or didn’t respond to the survey. Your school should be able to answer any questions you have about its educator effectiveness ratings. To understand evaluation factors for school year 2015-16, see Public Act 173 of 2015.
The Educator Effectiveness report supports state and federal accountability and transparency requirements defined in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) and State Fiscal Stabilization Fund (SFSF) rules.
The Michigan Department of Education's (MDE) Educator Evaluation Systems website offers helpful resources for educators and the public to understand state policies and plans and the context of these reports.
Michigan piloted principal evaluations in the 2010-11 school year; however, because guidelines were different at that time, these data were not included in this report. You can still download spreadsheets for 2010-11 pilot year from MI School Data's Staffing Summary page if you wish to view these data.
Public school districts (including local education agencies, intermediate school districts and public school academies) are required to determine and define within their local evaluation systems the criteria attached to each of the following labels: Highly Effective, Effective, Minimally Effective and Ineffective. The factors used for evaluating each teacher and administrator were determined by the local public school district and/or public school building.
The data reflect effectiveness ratings reported to the state via the end-of-year data collection of the Registry of Educational Personnel (REP). The report includes staff members reported with REP assignment codes where evaluation ratings are required. The assignment codes required to report an effectiveness rating may be found in Field 20: Educator Effectiveness found in the REP Data Field Descriptions document on the Center for Educational Performance and Information’s (CEPI) Registry of Education Personnel website.
The data are reported by the districts at the end of the school year. This report is updated in the fall of each year.
School Year 2014-15 and Prior
To see which factors each district used for its ratings for school year 2014-15 and prior, see the Educator Evaluation and Factors Report on the Staffing Summary page. This downloadable spreadsheet has three worksheet tabs (at bottom): Definitions, Administrator Evaluation Factors, and Teacher Evaluation Factors. (Note: The MDE surveyed districts on their evaluation factors. If you don’t see your school in the list, it could be because the district or building has no administrators or teachers or didn’t respond to the survey. Your school should be able to answer any questions you have about its educator effectiveness ratings.)
School Year 2015-16 and After
Beginning with the 2015-16 school year, MDE halted surveying districts to determine evaluation factors used. Additionally, beginning with this school year, if a teacher or administrator was rated as Highly Effective on three consecutive annual year-end evaluations, the entity may choose to conduct an evaluation biennially instead of annually. However, if a teacher is not rated as Highly Effective on one of these biennial year-end evaluations, the annual year-end evaluations will resume. Staff who were not rated during the 2015-16 year due to this are included in the Highly Effective totals in this report. To understand evaluation factors for school year 2015-16, see Public Act 173 of 2015.
Location/Entity: You can select and compare data at different entity levels: statewide, by intermediate school district (ISD), by school district, and by individual schools that include all local education agency (LEA) and public school academy (PSA) schools. Public school academies, also known as charter schools, are considered their own school district.
Administrators: Superintendents, assistant superintendents, administrators, principals and assistant principals.
Teachers: Staff members who are assigned to provide educational instruction to students.
Highly Effective/Effective/Minimally Effective/Ineffective: Total number of teachers or administrators rated as such and based on the evaluation factors and effectiveness criteria determined by each public school district.
Highly Effective/Effective/Minimally Effective/Ineffective (Percent): Percentage of teachers or administrators rated as such and based on the evaluation factors and effectiveness criteria determined by each public school district.
Total: Number of teachers and/or administrators with ratings for the district or state.
CEPI collected the data used to compile this report via the REP application. Specific information about the REP collection can be found at CEPI's Registry of Education Personnel website in the REP Data Field Descriptions document.
The Statewide Data for Report file provides data for the most recent year. To access data for previous
years at the statewide level please use the School Data File.
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