The Grad/Dropout Rate report shows the percent of public high school students who, after beginning ninth grade four, five or six years ago, graduated or dropped out of school.
Because a high school diploma is important to a student’s success, four-year graduation rates are a school accountability measure adopted by the state and aligned with the National Governors Association (NGA) Graduation Counts Compact.
CEPI tracks individual students from the time they enroll as first-time ninth-graders until they graduate or otherwise exit public education. This “cohort” method helps track students who remain in school for up to six years to earn a diploma. It also helps districts account for students who are retained in a grade and stay in school, who drop out of school and return later, and those who transfer into and out of a district or into and out of the public school system.
Students in the 2012-13 cohort were ninth-graders in the 2009-10 school year; their “on-time” expected graduation is four years later (2013). Students in this cohort who graduated in 2013 will be counted in the school’s four-year graduation rate; students who did not graduate in 2013 with their cohort group could be counted as dropouts or off-track but continuing. The five- and six-year rates are calculated the same, counting those who graduated with a regular high school diploma within five years and six years, respectively.
Some schools have graduation and or dropout data associated with more than one school district. One example is schools operated by the Educational Achievement Authority (EAA). Students whose last known enrollment occurred at these schools when they were in the Detroit City School District are attributed to Detroit because the cohort of students was initially tracked when the school was part of that district. Work is underway to display data for these schools in the appropriate school districts.
You may notice differences between a high school’s rates and what the district reports. A student is included in district level counts if he or she attended that district for at least one of the fall or spring count days. This is because students must be attending at least two count days to be included at the high school level, whereas they are included in district totals if reported for just one count day.
After choosing an entity (district, school or statewide), you can view the four-, five- and six- year rates for the school year of interest. You can also filter the data by gender or race/ethnicity, and by these categories: economically disadvantaged, English language learners, homeless, migrant, and students with disabilities.
When your report appears, you will see two tables displaying counts and percentages of students in the cohort who either graduated, dropped out, (officially dropped or MER-whereabouts unknown), continuing in school or completed school another way. The first table displays your search results. The second table displays district and state level data along with your search results. Clicking on a location in the lower data table will give you a new graph for the entity you selected.
You can also see how the graduation rates have been trending since the 2006-07 school year. And, if you are an authorized user, you can see student level data by clicking the Student Breakdown button at the top, or by clicking on any of the bars in the graph.
Exploring the Grad/Dropout Rate report can answer questions such as:
What percentage of students graduated from my local high school “on time” (in four years)?
Select your high school under Edit Report/Find Location. Under Report Settings, choose the desired school year; Rate Year – 4-year; Report Category – All Students. Then click View Results. Placing your cursor over any of the bars on the graph or dots on the chart will show the graduation rate percentage for that specific category.
Are as many female students in my district graduating in four years as male students?
Select your district under Edit Report/Find Location. Under Report Settings, choose the desired school year; Rate Year – 4-year; Report Category – Gender. Then click View Results. When your report appears, you will see a Snapshot view comparing graduation rates by gender.
Which high schools in my district are most successful in graduating students in four years?
Select your district and All Schools in District under Edit Report/Find Location. Under Report Settings, choose the desired school year; Rate Year – 4-year; Report Category – All Students. Then click View Results. By clicking on the blue arrows in column headers in a report, you can sort your data by ascending or descending order.
How can I see how my school’s success compares to another school in my town?
Select your high school under Edit Report/Find Location, and then click the Add Comparison button. Enter the neighboring school under Find Location, and then the report settings you wish to compare. Then click View Results. When your report appears, you will see a side-by-side comparison of the two schools.
I would like to be able to examine the complete data for all the schools in the state. How can I get that report?
You can download the full data spreadsheet from the Michigan Cohort Graduation and Dropout Reports page on the CEPI website.
The Grad/Dropout Rate report contains data collected from each public school district, including public school academies and charter schools.
Each student is assigned to a graduation cohort the first time he or she is reported as a ninth grader, or, if a transfer student, immediately upon being reported as enrolled in a high school grade.
All nonexempt high school students are included in the graduation and dropout rates. Students who exited the public school system entirely (out of state, to a nonpublic school, or to home school) at any time during the four-year period are considered exempt and removed from the cohort. Deceased students are also exempt.
A student will be included in the district-level graduation and dropout rates if the student is reported in that district for a least one pupil membership count day, based on fall and spring counts. If the student has not been in the district for at least one count day, the student will only be included in the state-level rates. Students included in building rates must have been reported to the state for two or more count days.
After the school year ends, school districts can review and request changes to graduation and dropout information on individual students from mid-July through mid-September. An exit status audit is then done by intermediate school districts between October and December.
This report is updated annually every February.
More detailed information regarding how graduation and dropout rates are calculated for a school can be found on the Michigan Cohort Graduation and Dropout Reports page on the CEPI website.
To protect the privacy of individual students, CEPI uses data suppression rules. Whenever report settings would yield fewer than 10 students, less than 5 percent, or over 95 percent in any grouping, the data will not display.
The total number of students who were enrolled as first-time ninth graders in a given year, adjusted for transfers in and transfers out.
Cohort Graduation Year
The year in which a cohort group would be expected to graduate high school (four years after enrolling in ninth grade).
4-year rate year. Total number of students who completed high school with a regular diploma in four years or less; or if enrolled in an early/middle college, completed high school with a regular diploma AND an associate degree or other advanced certificate in five years or less.
5-year rate year. Total number of students who completed high school with a regular diploma in five years or less; or if enrolled in an early/middle college, completed high school with a regular diploma AND an associate degree or other advanced certificate in six years or less.
6-year rate year. Total number of students who completed high school with a regular diploma in six years or less.
Dropouts (Reported & MER)
Total number of students who left high school permanently at any time during the 4-, 5- or 6-year period (depending on which rate year is being reviewed) or whose whereabouts are unknown (Missing Expected Record – MER).
Total number of students who did not complete high school in 4, 5 or 6 years (depending on which rate year is being reviewed) and are still continuing in school.
Other Completer (GED, etc.)
Total number of students who earned a GED or other certificate or reached special education maximum age.
The percentage, calculated as Graduated divided by the Cohort, of the total number of students who completed high school with a regular diploma in 4, 5 or 6 years (depending on which rate year is being reviewed) or less.
The percentage, calculated as Dropouts divided by the Cohort, of the total number of students who left high school permanently at any time during the 4, 5 or 6-year period (depending on which rate year is being reviewed), or whose whereabouts are unknown.
<10, <5%, >95%
The data are not displayed when there is a risk of identifying an individual student.
The Center for Educational Performance and Information (CEPI) collected the data used to compile this report. The databases used include:
For more details on the data definitions and how the data is collected, please refer to the MSDS Collections Details Manual found on the CEPI website. Additional documentation can be found on the Michigan Cohort Graduation and Dropout Reports section of the website.
Graduation Rate = Graduated / Cohort
Dropout = Dropouts / Cohort
To change these settings go to edit report
Alert! You must choose valid Report Settings to view data.
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