The Grad/Dropout Rate report shows the percent of public high school students who, after beginning ninth grade four, five or six years ago, graduated or dropped out of school.
Because a high school diploma is so important to a student’s success, four-year graduation rates are an important school accountability measure adopted by the state and aligned with the National Governors Association (NGA) Graduation Counts Compact.
The Center for Educational Performance and Information (CEPI) tracks individual students, from the time they enroll as first-time ninth-graders, until they graduate or otherwise leave public education. This "cohort" method helps track students who stay in school for up to six years to earn a diploma. It also helps districts account for students who are retained in a grade and stay in school, who drop out of school and return later, and those who transfer into and out of a district or in and out of the public school system.
Here’s an example: students in the 2011-12 cohort were ninth graders in the 2008-09 school year. Their "on-time" expected graduation is four years later (2012). Students in this cohort, who graduated in 2012, will be counted in the school’s four-year graduation rate; students who did not graduate in 2012 with their cohort group could be counted as a dropout or off-track but continuing. The five- and six-year rates are calculated the same, counting those who graduated with a regular high school diploma within five years and six years, respectively.
After choosing an entity (intermediate school district, district, school or statewide), you can view the four-, five- and six- year graduation rates for the school year you are interested in. You can also filter the data by gender or race/ethnicity and by these categories: economically disadvantaged, English language learners, homeless, migrant, and students with disabilities.
Total counts, as well as percentages, can be viewed. You can also see how the graduation rates have been trending since the 2006-07 school year.
Exploring the Grad/Dropout Rate report can answer questions like:
What percentage of students graduated from my local high school in four years?
Select your high school under Edit Report/Find Location. Under Report Settings, choose the desired school year; Rate Year - 4-year; Report Category - All Students. Your report will show the graduation rate percentage in the graph (hover over the green section) and in the table below.
Is there a difference in the number of male and female students graduating in four years within my district?
Select your district under Edit Report/Find Location. Under Report Settings, choose the desired school year; Rate Year - 4-year; Report Category - Gender.
Are there statewide differences in four-year graduation rates based on race or ethnicity?
Select Statewide/All ISDs in State under Edit Report/Find Location. Under Report Settings, choose the desired school year; Rate Year - 4-year; Report Category - Race/Ethnicity. Choose either Snapshot or Trend view in the gray bar at the top.
Which high schools in my district are most successful in graduating students in four years?
Select your district and All Schools in District under Edit Report/Find Location. Under Report Settings, choose the desired school year; Rate Year - 4-year; Report Category - All Students. When your report appears, select Entity Breakdown in the view bar at the top. Then sort your report from the highest to the lowest percentage by clicking on the Graduation Rate column.
How can I see how my school's success compares to another school in my town?
Select your high school under Edit Report/Find Location, and then select Keyword Search under the Add Comparison Location dropdown. Enter the neighboring school under Find Comparison Location, and then the report settings you wish to compare.
I'd like to examine the complete data for all the schools in the state. How can I get that report?
After you've run a report, click on Download/Print at the top of the page. Select Statewide Data for Report (Cell Suppressed) as a .csv to download the spreadsheet. For older years, visit Data Files at the bottom of the left navigation.
I’d like to know which of my students make up my graduates. Can I access that data?
Select your settings in Edit Report. When your report appears, you have two routes to get the desired data. As long as you are a secure user with the correct permissions, there are two routes you can pursue. You can either select the Student Breakdown view by selecting ‘-All Graduates-’ from the Status dropdown, or you can click through the Snapshot view on the green bar to see your graduates.
The Grad/Dropout Rate report contains data collected from each public school district, including public school academies and charter schools.
Each student is assigned to a graduation cohort the first time he or she is reported as a ninth grader, or, if a transfer student, immediately upon being reported as enrolled in a high school grade.
Students who transferred out of state, to a private school, or who began home schooling aren't included in the data. Buildings that exclusively serve court-placed students as defined by Title I, Part D have a building-level graduation/dropout rate, but are not included in the district rate.
Students will be included if they're reported for a least one count day, based on fall and spring counts. If students have not been in the district for at least one count day, they'll only be included in the state-level rates. Students included in building rates must have been reported to the state for two or more count days.
After the school year ends, school districts can review and request changes to graduation and dropout information on individual students from mid-July through mid-September. Intermediate school districts then conduct an audit between October and December.
Some districts may have "N/A" for both the graduation rate and the drop rate. These districts do not graduate students, so they do not have graduation or drop counts. They've been included in the report to ensure records for graduating buildings within the non-graduating district are included.
More detailed information regarding how graduation and dropout rates are calculated for a school can be found on the Michigan Cohort Graduation and Dropout Reports page, under Help and Training on the CEPI website, where you'll find a complete guide to understanding the Grad/Dropout rate report along with frequently asked questions. For more information on how we validate Grad/Dropout data, see the MI School Data How-Tos and News blog.
To protect the privacy of individual students, the Center for Educational Performance and Information (CEPI) uses data suppression rules. Whenever report settings would yield fewer than 10 students, less than 5 percent, or over 95 percent in any grouping, the data will not display.
This report is updated annually every February/March.
Location Name - You can select and compare data at different entity levels: statewide, by school district, and by individual schools, which include all traditional public schools (LEAs, or Local Education Agencies) and charter schools (PSAs, or Public School Academies).
Report Category - The rates can be broken down further by various demographic data. An additional column 'Crosstab' will appear if you elect to look at Race/Ethnicity by Gender.
Rate Year - 4-year rate year: Total number of students who completed high school with a regular diploma in four years or less; or if enrolled in an early/middle college, completed high school with a regular diploma AND an associate degree or other advanced certificate in five years or less.
5-year rate year: Total number of students who completed high school with a regular diploma in five years or less; or if enrolled in an early/middle college, completed high school with a regular diploma AND an associate degree or other advanced certificate in six years or less.
6-year rate year: Total number of students who completed high school with a regular diploma in six years or less.
Cohort Graduation Year - The year in which a cohort group would be expected to graduate high school (four years after enrolling in ninth grade).
Total Cohort - The total number of students who were enrolled as first-time ninth graders in a given year, adjusted for transfers in and transfers out.
Total Graduated - Total number of students who completed high school with a regular diploma during the 4-, 5-, or 6-year period (depending on which rate year is displayed in the report).
Dropouts - Total number of students who left high school permanently at any time during the 4-, 5- or 6-year period (depending on which rate year is being reviewed) or whose whereabouts are unknown (Missing Expected Record - MER).
Off-Track Continuing - Total number of students who did not complete high school in 4, 5 or 6 years (depending on which rate year is being reviewed) and are still continuing in school.
Other Completer (GED, etc.) - Total number of students who earned a GED or other certificate or reached special education maximum age.
Graduation Rate - The percentage, calculated as Graduated divided by the Cohort, of the total number of students who completed high school with a regular diploma in 4, 5 or 6 years (depending on which rate year is being reviewed) or less.
Dropout Rate - The percentage, calculated as Dropouts divided by the Cohort, of the total number of students who left high school permanently at any time during the 4-, 5- or 6-year period (depending on which rate year is being reviewed), or whose whereabouts are unknown.
<10, <5%, >95% - The data are not displayed when there is a risk of identifying an individual student.
CEPI collected the data used to compile this report. The databases used include:
For more details on the data definitions and how the data is collected, please refer to the MSDS Collections Details Manual on the MSDS web page. You can find additional documentation on the Michigan Cohort Graduation and Dropout Reports section of the website.
Graduation Rate = Graduated / Total Cohort
Dropout = Dropouts / Total Cohort
The Statewide Data for Report file provides data for the most recent year. To access data for previous
years at the statewide level please use the School Data File.
To change these settings go to edit report
Alert! You must choose valid Report Settings to view data.
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