The Non-Resident Status report reflects students who live in your district but attend school in a different district, and students who reside in other districts but attend school in yours.
The data are important because they show the number of students who choose to attend schools in districts they don’t live in. The data give us a sense of how many families are exercising their options for schools of choice across district boundaries. You can use the data to see where students are going if they leave their school to attend another school, or where students are coming from when entering their school from another district, local education agency district, or public school academy (PSA, or charter school).
Michigan law permits students to attend schools outside of their district of residency through charter schools, school of choice programs, or other cooperative agreements. Parents of resident students can decide which school within their district they will attend, and non-resident students can enroll in a district other than their own. Participation in these programs is optional, so interested families contact the district for information about the availability of programs in their area.
A cooperative agreement involves a written voluntary agreement among districts to provide educational programs for pupils in certain circumstances; for example, special services like a school designed for special education, career technical education, or blind and visually impaired students from surrounding areas and districts. The agreement may be between districts in different intermediate school districts or counties. A receiving district must have a release from the resident district to count a nonresident student. A cooperative choice agreement may limit the number of students participating in the program.
PSAs are publicly funded schools authorized by public bodies, and are considered a district under Michigan law. However, PSAs don’t have their own residency statuses because they do not have a defined geographic boundary. When you select a public school academy or charter school in this report, you'll only see the students as entering the district.
You can explore the data by district, school year, grade level, and residency status. Data can be filtered by categories such as School of Choice-Inside ISD, School of Choice- Outside ISD, Non-Resident, Non-Public School, and Home School Non-Resident. By choosing Select Primary Residency Statuses, the report will automatically choose the available residency statuses for the selected district.
Exploring the Non-Resident Status report can answer questions like:
The Non-Resident Status report includes every enrolled student in grades K-12 who attends a district other than the district the student lives in. The district reporting a student as enrolled is required to report the student's district of residence. The report also includes students in adult education programs and students in Early Childhood/Early On programs. Some nonpublic students, including pupils who are home schooled or attend private, denominational or parochial schools, are included in the report depending on the residency statuses you choose to display.
This report displays information based on student headcount or full-time equivalency (FTE). For student headcount, each student is counted once, regardless of whether or not the student attends the school full time. FTE is an individual pupil's pro rata share of membership, on which state funding is based. In other words, the percentage a student receives educational programs and/or services from a district. A student's FTE may range from 0.00 to 1.00, not to exceed 1.00. A student who attends only one school full time would have an FTE of 1.00. The FTE for a student who attends more than one school would be divided between those schools; for example, a student who attends both a high school and a science skill center may have an FTE of 0.6 at the high school and 0.4 at the science skill center.
School districts report residency codes to the state as a part of each student's record. Some residency codes that will be shown as nonresident status include:
The data are gathered in the fall collection period and updated annually each January.
The Center for Educational Performance and Information (CEPI) collected the data used to compile this report. The source data were gathered in the Michigan Student Data System (MSDS). For more details about how full-time equivalency (FTE) and residency are determined when a child receives education through more than one district, please refer to the MSDS Collection Details Manual found on the CEPI website.
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