The Non-Resident Status report reflects students who live in your district but attend school in a different district, and students who reside in other districts but attend school in yours.
The data are important because they show the number of students who choose to attend schools in districts they don’t live in. The data give us a sense of how many families are exercising their options for schools of choice across district boundaries. You can use the data to see where students are going if they leave their school to attend another school, or where students are coming from when entering their school from another district, local education agency district, or public school academy (PSA, or charter school).
Michigan law permits students to attend schools outside of their district of residency through charter schools, school of choice programs, or other cooperative agreements. Parents of resident students can decide which school within their district they will attend, and non-resident students can enroll in a district other than their own. Participation in these programs is optional, so interested families contact the district for information about the availability of programs in their area.
A cooperative agreement involves a written voluntary agreement among districts to provide educational programs for pupils in certain circumstances; for example, special services like a school designed for special education, career technical education, or blind and visually impaired students from surrounding areas and districts. The agreement may be between districts in different intermediate school districts or counties. A receiving district must have a release from the resident district to count a nonresident student. A cooperative choice agreement may limit the number of students participating in the program.
PSAs are publicly funded schools authorized by public bodies, and are considered a district under Michigan law. However, PSAs don’t have their own residency statuses because they do not have a defined geographic boundary. When you select a public school academy or charter school in this report, you'll only see the students as entering the district.
You can explore the data by district, school year, grade level, and residency status. Data can be filtered by categories such as School of Choice-Inside ISD, School of Choice- Outside ISD, Non-Resident, Non-Public School, and Home School Non-Resident. By choosing Select Primary Residency Statuses, the report will automatically choose the available residency statuses for the selected district.
Exploring the Non-Resident Status report can answer questions like:
How many students from my district attend schools in other districts?
Search for your district by clicking on Keyword Search. Then enter the name of your district. Click the Keyword Search button. Under Report Settings, choose the desired school year and select All Grades. Under Residency Status, choose Select Primary Residency Statuses. Click View Results.
Is my school losing students over time?
Search for your district by clicking on Keyword Search. Then enter the name of your district. Click the Keyword Search button. Under Report Settings, choose the desired school year and select All Grades. Under Residency Status, choose Select Primary Residency Statuses. Click View Results. When your report appears, click Trend in the gray view bar at the top. The column header labeled Number of Resident Students Enrolled Elsewhere will show you a count of students leaving your district.
How many non-resident students attend school in my district?
Select your district under Edit Report/Find Location. Under Report Settings, choose the desired school year and select All Grades. Under Residency Status, choose Select Primary Residency Statuses. Click View Results. The column header labeled Number of Nonresident Students Enrolled will display a count of nonresident students attending your district.
Are students leaving my district to attend a charter school?
Search for your district by clicking on Keyword Search. Then enter the name of your district. Click the Keyword Search button. Under Report Settings, select All Grades. Under Residency Status, choose Primary Residency Statuses. Click View Results.
The Non-Resident Status report includes every enrolled student in grades K-12 who attends a district other than the district the student lives in. The district reporting a student as enrolled is required to report the student's district of residence. The report also includes students in adult education programs and students in Early Childhood/Early On programs. Some nonpublic students, including pupils who are home schooled or attend private, denominational or parochial schools, are included in the report depending on the residency statuses you choose to display.
This report displays information based on student headcount or full-time equivalency (FTE). For student headcount, each student is counted once, regardless of whether or not the student attends the school full time. FTE is an individual pupil's pro rata share of membership, on which state funding is based. In other words, the percentage a student receives educational programs and/or services from a district. A student's FTE may range from 0.00 to 1.00, not to exceed 1.00. A student who attends only one school full time would have an FTE of 1.00. The FTE for a student who attends more than one school would be divided between those schools; for example, a student who attends both a high school and a science skill center may have an FTE of 0.6 at the high school and 0.4 at the science skill center.
School districts report residency codes to the state as a part of each student's record. Some residency codes that will be shown as nonresident status include:
The data are gathered in the fall collection period and updated annually each January.
Operating district - Where the student attends school.
Location Type/Name - You can compare data at different entity levels: statewide, by intermediate school district (ISD), by school district, and by individual schools that include all local education agency (LEA) and public school academy (PSA) schools.
Other Entity Name - The local education agency, intermediate school district, school district, or public school academy outside the student's primary residency in which the student is attending.
Other Entity Type - The type of entity of the selected location, either a Local Education Agency (LEA) or a Public School Academy (PSA, or charter).
Number of Nonresident Students Enrolled - Count of students who attend the selected district and are not residents of the district.
Number of Nonresident Students Enrolled (FTE) - The full-time equivalency (FTE) count of students who attend the selected district and are not residents of the district.
Number of Resident Students Enrolled Elsewhere - Count of students who are residents of the selected district and attend other districts, including public school academies.
Number of Resident Students Enrolled Elsewhere (FTE) - The full-time equivalency (FTE) count of students who are residents of the selected district and attend other districts, including public school academies.
Non K-12 District - Indicates a student who lives outside of the operating district, whose resident district does not offer all grade levels, kindergarten through twelve.
Schools of Choice - Section 105 of the State School Aid Act allows a local school district to enroll pupils from outside its district but within the ISD without obtaining a release from the resident district. Section 105c of the State School Aid Act allows a local school district to enroll pupils from outside its district and outside its ISD but within an ISD that is contiguous to the educating district's ISD without obtaining a release from the resident district.
School of Choice-Inside ISD - Student is a resident of another district within the same ISD as the operating district and meets all the requirements of Schools of Choice 105.
School of Choice- Outside ISD - Student is a resident of a district within another ISD that is contiguous to the ISD to which the operating district belongs, and meets all the requirements of Schools of Choice 105.
Non-Resident, Non-Public School - Student who lives outside of the operating district but is enrolled in a private or parochial school district, taking a non-essential curriculum or advanced placement course through the operating district.
No cooperative agreement, no release, not exempted - Student who lives outside of the operating district who has not been released by the resident district and is not Sec. 6(6) (g) exempt. (LEA districts only)
School for Blind/Deaf - A student who is being educated by the Michigan School for the Blind/ Deaf.
Non-special Education Juvenile Detention - Student placed by a court or state agency in an on-grounds child-care institution or a juvenile detention facility under Section 24 and being educated by the ISD. (ISD districts only)
All Other Resident - Student does not fall into any other resident category.
Select Primary Residency Statuses - Automatically chooses the available residency statuses for the selected district.
Section 24- Juvenile Detention - Student resides in an approved, on grounds juvenile detention facility or childcare institute.
New PSAs (fall only) - Student is counted by a new public school academy authorized by a local school district, and is also counted by the authorizing district during the immediately prior supplemental (Spring) FTE count. (PSA districts only)
All Other Non-Resident - Student does not fall into any other non-resident category.
Home School Non-Resident - Student who lives outside of the operating district who is being educated through a home school program, taking a non-essential curriculum or advanced placement course through the operating district.
Resident Non-Public School - Student who is enrolled in a private or parochial school district, taking a non-essential curriculum or advanced placement course through the operating district.
Ungraded - The student's educational entity has no separate grades or standard grade designation. For example, some schools have primary grade groupings that are not traditionally graded or ungraded groupings for children with learning disabilities. In some cases, ungraded students may include children receiving special education services or transitional bilingual students. Children attending summer school may be included in the ungraded category.
Early Childhood/EarlyOn - Children receiving Early childhood special education or EarlyOn services which are below the level of kindergarten. This does not include developmental kindergarten.
Adult Education - A full time equated participant enrolled and attending a department approved, adult basic education program; an English as a second language program; a general education, developmental test preparation program; a job or employment related program; or a high school completion program; and who meets the eligibility requirements as defined in Section 107 of the State School Aid Act.
Location Name - You can select and compare data at the school level.
The Center for Educational Performance and Information (CEPI) collected the data used to compile this report. The source data were gathered in the Michigan Student Data System (MSDS). For more details about how full-time equivalency (FTE) and residency are determined when a child receives education through more than one district, please refer to the MSDS Collection Details Manual found on the CEPI website.
The Statewide Data for Report file provides data for the most recent year. To access data for previous
years at the statewide level please use the School Data File.
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