The Retained In Grade report displays counts and percentages of students enrolled in the same grade level for two consecutive school years.
The report reflects the number of students who did not move with their class to the next grade level. This is a fall-to-fall snapshot of two consecutive school years and doesn’t reflect changes in grade placement reported after the fall collection period of the second school year. The report only includes students who were identified as continuing (actively enrolled at the time of collection and expected to continue at the district) during the fall collection of the second school year.
The data are important because they can show differences in student retention between grade levels, schools, districts, and student groups. This can help us identify where the frequency of retention is higher so we know where to focus efforts to improve student achievement.
The report displays counts of students who, because they did not meet grade level expectations, were held back from one year to the next. There can be many factors leading to a student repeating a grade; for example, when a student changes schools, the new school may have a different curriculum. Other examples are that the student may need more time to gain proficiency, like in Kindergarten Planned Retention; or it may be because the student was in a rigorous Early/Middle College program that requires an extra year. The following are descriptions of Kindergarten Planned Retention and Early/Middle College programs:
Students who are included in Kindergarten Planned Retention are taking part of a two-year kindergarten program (Developmental Kindergarten) and are enrolled in their second year at the kindergarten grade level, although kindergarten is meant to be a one-year program.
Students who are included in Early/Middle College are participating in a five-year high school program designed to allow a pupil to earn a high school diploma and substantial college credit through an additional year of study. Most of the time, Early/Middle College Students are submitted again in Grade 12, however any high school grade level is permissible.
To protect the privacy of individual students, CEPI uses data suppression rules whenever report settings would yield fewer than 10 students, less than 5 percent, or over 95 percent in any grouping. For this reason, depending on the setting you use, your report may appear to have missing years, missing grade levels, or sometimes no data at all.
The report lets you compare retention patterns by different categories including grade level, and by demographic factors such as gender and race or ethnicity, and categories such as economically disadvantaged, English language learners, migrant students, and students with disabilities. When you select all students from the report category, the report displays the number of students who attend a different intermediate school district, district, or school in the previous year. You can also see how grade retention has been trending since the 2008-09 school year.
Exploring the Retained In Grade report can answer questions like:
You can select and compare data at different entity levels: statewide, by intermediate school district (ISD), by school district, and by individual schools, which include local education agency (LEA) and public school academy (PSA) schools also called charter schools.
Intermediate School Districts (ISDs) and Educational Services Agencies (ESAs) provide services to multiple school districts.
Number of Students
Total number of students retained in grade for the selected category.
Number of students at a different ISD, District, and School in the previous year
Count of students retained in grade who were enrolled in a different ISD, District, and School during the previous school year.
Number of students at a different District in the previous year
Count of students retained in grade who were enrolled in a different district during the previous school year.
Number of students at a different School in the previous year
Count of students retained in grade who were enrolled in a different school the previous year. Determined based on school code.
Race and ethnicity definitions follow U.S. Department of Education guidelines.
The gender of the student, male or female.
Economically Disadvantaged (ED) Students are those who have been determined to be eligible for free or reduced-price meals via locally gathered and approved family applications under the National School Lunch program, are in households receiving food (SNAP) or cash (TANF) assistance, are homeless, are migrant, or are in foster care. When any of these conditions are present, a student is considered ED.
English Language Learners
English Language Learners are students who speak a language other than English as their native or home language and who have difficulty speaking, reading, writing, or understanding English.
A student whose family has moved within the previous 36 months to obtain temporary or seasonal work in agriculture or fishing.
Students with Disabilities
Students with one or more specific impairments that require special education or related services who have an Individual Education Plan (IEP).
Five-year public high school program designed for pupils to earn a high school diploma while also earning an associate’s degree, a certificate of completion, or up to 60 transferable college credits toward a four-year degree from a state public or private university, a junior college, or a community college.
Kindergarten Planned Retention
Second year of a two-year kindergarten program. Also referred to as Young 5s, Developmental Kindergarten, or Begindergarten.
The Center for Educational Performance and Information (CEPI) collected the data used to compile this report. The source data for this report are collected in the Michigan Student Data System (MSDS). For more details on the data definitions and how the data is collected, please refer to the MSDS Collection Details Manual on the MSDS web page.
The Statewide Data for Report file provides data for the most recent year. To access data for previous
years at the statewide level please use the School Data File.
To change these settings go to edit report
Alert! You must choose valid Report Settings to view data.
Copyright © 2001-2017 State of Michigan