The Early Childhood Participation by Kindergarten Count report shows the early childhood program participation by kindergarten cohort class. For example, if the school year 2013-14 were selected, the resulting report would display the count of children who were kindergarteners in 2013-14 who were enrolled in early childhood programs prior to entering kindergarten.
The data are important because it helps us to understand which early childhood programs kindergarteners have been enrolled in and how many children have been enrolled in these programs prior to entering kindergarten.
You should be cautioned that while this report shows all of the children who have been reported as participating in early childhood programs, this data may not be reflective of every child that has been enrolled in early childhood programs before kindergarten in the given school years in Michigan. This is because educational entities in Michigan are not required to report all children enrolled in early childhood programs, which can cause gaps in the data that are represented in this report. For example, children enrolled in Head Start and Early Head Start programs are not represented in these reports. The early childhood programs that are mandatory for districts to report participation in are:
· Early Childhood Special Education
· Great Start Readiness Program (GSRP)
· Great Start Readiness Program(GSRP)/Head Start Blend
All of the other early childhood programs in the this report are voluntarily reported by districts, so we expect for those programs to reflect low numbers of participation, when in fact there are surely more children participating in those programs than are reported and reflected in this report.
However, Michigan won the competitive Race to the Top – Early Learning Challenge federal grant, which is focused on improving data collection and reporting of early childhood program participation. The Race to the Top grant will facilitate more robust reporting of these data in future years.
Another point of caution is that it is possible that a child may have been enrolled in multiple programs in the same or different geographical area at the same time. Because of that, adding together individual program participation may give you a total sum of children that exceeds the statewide total of children participating in programs.
To generate a report, you can explore the data by choosing an Intermediate School District (ISD), district, or school building as your location. You can select the school year and all years for the history before kindergarten. The resulting display will show the given location and school year’s kindergarteners’ early childhood program participation. Please keep in mind while viewing the report that not all children enrolled in early childhood programs are represented in this report because entities are not required to report these children.
If you wish, you may also add another ISD, district, or school building as a comparison entity to your chosen location. On the Edit Report screen, below the Find Location section, there is a blue button labeled “Add Comparison.” The comparison location settings behave similarly to the Find Location settings. The resulting report will show your desired report settings for both entities.
The Early Childhood Child Count report can answer the following questions:
How many Kindergarten children from our district participated in an early childhood program before kindergarten?
Search your district by opening the drop down box within the search feature of edit report. You can also enter in a key word search for your district. Then select the school year, program type, and report category. Click on view results to see your report.
What early childhood programs did our kindergarten students participate in?
Once you have selected your report features, click view report. Below the child count chart you will see the break-up of programs that students participated in before kindergarten.
What is the demographic makeup of the students who participated in Early Childhood programs before kindergarten?
In the report settings under edit report, open the report category box and select which demographic you would like to filter your report with.
The Early Childhood Kindergarten Count report includes children enrolled in kindergarten that had previously been reported as participating in early childhood programs in Michigan.
CEPI collects the information from public schools and ISDs. Since it is not mandatory for schools to report their early childhood enrollees, the data reflects only children who were reported to CEPI. Therefore, the counts reflected in this report are not inclusive of all children in Michigan that have received early childhood services. The only programs that are mandatory for schools to report are EarlyOn, early childhood special education, Great Start Readiness Program (GSRP) and GSRP/Head Start Blend. All other programs are optionally reported. When viewing by race/ethnicity, you may see gaps and breaks in the trend view. This is because federal definitions and categories have changed over the years. More information about race and ethnicity categories can be found on the CEPI website. Details about how full-time equivalency (FTE) is determined when a child receives education through more than one district can be found in the resources section of CEPI’s Michigan Student Data System (MSDS) web page.
Location/Entity - You can select and compare data at different entity levels: statewide, by intermediate school district (ISD), by school district, and by county.
LEA - Local educational agency such as a school district.
School Year - The year of early childhood program enrollment.
Great Start Readiness Program (GSRP) - Center-based preschool services for children. Depending upon the school year listed, children enrolled must have at least one of the identified risk factors; at least 90 percent of the children must live with families having an income that is equal to or less than 250% of the federal poverty level OR more than 50 percent of the children must meet the current definition for low income. It is mandatory for entities to report children enrolled in this program.
GSRP/Head Start Blend - A district may contract with a head start agency to serve children enrolled in head start with a school-day program by blending head start funds with a part-day great start readiness program allocation. All head start and great start readiness program policies and regulations apply to the blended program. Children are concurrently enrolled in both programs and must attend for the full day. It is mandatory for entities to report children enrolled in this program.
EarlyOn - EarlyOn specializes in evaluating and treating children that are not developing at the same rate as other children. This can include physical, mental, communication, adaptive, social or emotional development. Any child age birth to five is eligible for this program. It is mandatory for entities to report children enrolled in this program.
Early Childhood Special Education - Children ages 3-5 who receive special education and related services in an educational program designed primarily for children with disabilities housed in regular school buildings or other community based settings. It is mandatory for entities to report children enrolled in this program.
Even Start Family Literacy Program - This program addresses the basic educational needs of parents and children from birth through age seven from low-income families.
Title I Preschool - A program for children who are not yet age-eligible for kindergarten in districts that provide services utilizing Title I, Part A of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), as long as they follow current rules for preschool services under Title I.
School-based Child Care - Children, birth-to-kindergarten ages, receiving services in a classroom program provided through a regular or community education program.
Great Parents Great Start (GPGS) - Children, from birth to age 5, whose parents are receiving intensive parenting services through intermediate school district activities. Funded under the State School Aid Act, Section 32j.
Sec. 32 p, Early Childhood Block Grant - Children from birth to age 8 who are receiving early childhood services under Section 32p who are not receiving services under the GPGS program.
Tuition-Based Preschool - Children, birth-to-kindergarten age, receiving services in a classroom program provided through a regular or community education program. Parents pay tuition to enroll their children.
Other Program District-sponsored programs not defined above.
Delivery Schedule - Children in GSRP can either be enrolled in a full-day or a half-day program. This variable is not available for any other early childhood program.
Economically Disadvantaged - Students who have been determined to be eligible for free or reduced-price meals via locally gathered and approved family applications under the National School Lunch program, are in households receiving food (SNAP) or cash (TANF) assistance, are homeless, are migrant, or are in foster care.
Race/Ethnicity - Information about race and ethnicity categories can be found on the CEPI website. Note: When viewing trend data you may see gaps and breaks because federal definitions and categories have changed over the years.
Gender - The sex of the student, male or female.
English Language Learners - Limited English Proficient (LEP) students who speak a language other than English as their primary language and who have difficulty speaking, reading, writing, or understanding English.
Homeless - Individuals who lack a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence. The definition and guidelines come from the federal McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act.
Supplemental Nutrition Eligibility (SNE) - Students who are eligible for free or reduced-price meal and/or milk programs.
The Center for Educational Performance and Information (CEPI) collected the data used to compile this report. Data are collected in the fall, in the spring, and at the end of the relevant school year. For more details on the data definitions and the data collection, please refer to the MSDS Collection Details Manual found on the CEPI website.
The Statewide Data for Report file provides data for the most recent year. To access data for previous
years at the statewide level please use the School Data File.
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