The Disability report shows, by type of disability, the number of students receiving special education services in Michigan school districts.
The data are used for monitoring the programs and activities required under the federal Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), which protects the education rights of children with disabilities and their families. IDEA covers the following:
Individualized Education Program (IEP), Free Appropriate Public Education (FAPE), Least Restrictive Environment (LRE), appropriate evaluation, active participation of families and procedural safeguards are the tenets of IDEA. IDEA also addresses confidentiality, transition, and discipline for students with disabilities. More about federal and state special education laws and policies can be found on the Michigan Department of Education website.
Although IDEA covers birth through age 21, Michigan is a birth to age 26 state and those counts are reflected here.
This report includes Michigan students with one or more specific impairments that require special education or related services and have an Individualized Education Program (IEP). Please note that a student can have a disability or impairment but not require special education services. To receive special education services and be included in this report, the student must have one of the thirteen impairment types shown, and have an IEP or similar service plan. The Michigan Administrative Rules for Special Education (MARSE) contains detailed definitions of each disability type.
In Michigan, special education is provided by intermediate school districts (ISDs) and school districts (a public school academy/charter school is considered a district). Though the data can only be examined at these levels and not at school building levels, the actual special education services can take place in a variety of settings such as homes, classrooms, and residential treatment centers.
Also be aware that it’s common for an ISD or district to have programs that meet the special needs of students from other communities and nonpublic schools, or for those younger or older than standard kindergarten through 12th grade. If you notice a “School Created by ISD” in the list of schools, or that a particular ISD or district has significantly higher percentages in one category or another, this could be the case.
The data is presented by school year, entity (state, intermediate school district, and district levels), and type of disability. For each disability type, the number of students and the percent of special education students with that disability is shown. You can view either a single year snapshot or year-to-year trend starting with the 2011-12 school year.
See MI School Data’s other special education data portrait reports to better understand how special education is delivered in Michigan. You can explore by age range and by demographic factors such as gender and race/ethnicity, grade level, and the educational settings where the special education services are provided.
Exploring the Special Education Disability report will answer questions such as:
How many students in my school receive special education services?
Choose your school district under Edit Report/Find Location, or by clicking your district’s name in the Entity column of the statewide report. The table at the top displays, for the state, your intermediate school district, and your selected school district, the total number of students receiving special education. (Note: Data for individual schools or buildings are not available because special education is provided in Michigan by the state, ISDs, and districts or public school academies/charter schools.)
In which disability category do we have the greatest number of special education students?
Choose Statewide under Edit Report/Find Location, and Select All for the Disability Type. Then click View Results. Your report’s graph will show the percent of special education students in each disability type. In the data table, you can “drill down” to an ISD or district by clicking its name. You can also sort the columns to see rankings of numbers or percentages.
How many students with autism receive special education in my district?
Choose your district under Edit Report/Find Location. Select Autism Spectrum Disorder for Disability Type. Your report’s graph shows the percentage of special education students who have this condition; the data table shows the number and percentage of special education students who have this condition.
In my district, are students with an IEP in each disability category proportionate to the state, and ISD rates?
Choose your school district under Edit Report/Find Location (alternately, you can click on the district name in the statewide list in the data table). The data table will show, under each disability column, the number and percent of special education students. State and intermediate school district figures are shown in the top two rows; districts and public school academies within the intermediate school district are listed below.
How does my district’s data compare to other districts in my ISD?
Select your ISD and All Schools in District under Edit Report/Find Location, and the School Year and Disability Type(s) you want to explore. The report’s table will list all within the ISD. Clicking on column headers will sort that column if you wish to view highest to lowest or vice versa.
I would like to examine the complete data for all the schools in the state. How can I get that report?
The full data spreadsheet will soon be available to authorized users in the K-12 School Data File.
For the Special Education Disability report, CEPI counts the number of children receiving special education under an Individualized Education Program (IEP) or other service plan. Service plans are developed for children under age two-and-a-half as well as for nonpublic students who receive special education through a public school.
This is an unduplicated count, meaning a child is counted once and only once, even if attending more than one facility or having multiple disabilities.
The statewide special education count in each of the special education data portrait reports reflects the population of students included. The Disability, Age Range, and the Count and Percent by Disability reports include special education students from birth to age 26, as served under Michigan law. However, the Demographics reports, including gender, race/ethnicity, and grade Level reports, are limited to students in grades K-12.
The data are collected as of the first Wednesday in October; the child’s age is as of the data collection date.
The report will be updated annually in early spring.
For more detailed definitions of each disability type under both state and federal guidelines, see Michigan Administrative Rules for Special Education (MARSE).
Details about how full-time equivalency (FTE) is determined when a child receives education through more than one district can be found in the resources section of CEPI’s Michigan Student Data System (MSDS) web page.
All of the special education data portrait reports come from the federally-required annual special education child count. Each data element reported here is submitted in February to the U.S. Department of Education (USED) in state- and district-level EdFacts reports. Summary data from earlier years can be found at the USED Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA) Data Accountability Center website.
To protect the privacy of individual students, CEPI uses data suppression rules. Whenever report settings would yield fewer than 10 students, less than 5 percent, or over 95 percent in any grouping, the data will not display.
Total K-12 Head Count - Unduplicated count of kindergarten-grade 12 students for that entity, including special education students in grades K-12. Note that this head count does not include ungraded special education students, those below school age, and those who may receive special education services through age 26.
Special Ed Count - Total count of students, birth-age 26, who are receiving special education services.Percent is calculated as Special Ed Count divided by Total K-12 Head Count.
Total Special Ed Count - The number of special education students for that entity.
Disability Type - The number of special education students with that disability type. For more detailed definitions of each disability type under both state and federal guidelines, see Michigan Administrative Rules for Special Education (MARSE).
Disability Percent - The percent of special education students with that disability type (total with disability type divided by total special education count).
LEA - Local educational agency such as aschool district or charter school/public school academy (PSA).
Entity - State, intermediate school district (ISD), school district or public school academy (PSA) that provides special education services.
<10, <5%, >95% - The data will not display when there is a risk of identifying an individual student.
The Center for Educational Performance and Information (CEPI) collected the data used to compile this report. The databases used include:
Alert! You must choose valid Report Settings to view data.
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