The Special Education Age Range report shows the number and age ranges of students who are receiving special education services in Michigan school districts.
The data are used for monitoring the programs and activities required under the federal Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), which protects the education rights of children with disabilities and their families. IDEA covers the following:
Individualized Education Program (IEP), Free Appropriate Public Education (FAPE), Least Restrictive Environment (LRE), appropriate evaluation, active participation of families and procedural safeguards are the tenets of IDEA. IDEA also addresses confidentiality, transition, and discipline for students with disabilities. More about federal and state special education laws and policies can be found on the Michigan Department of Education website.
Although IDEA only covers birth through age 21, Michigan is a birth to age 26 state and those counts are reflected here.
This report includes Michigan students with one or more specific impairments that require special education or related services and have an Individualized Education Program (IEP). Please note that a student can have a disability or impairment but not require special education services. To receive special education services and be included in this report, the impairment must be a specific type and an IEP or similar service plan is required.
In Michigan, special education is provided by intermediate school districts (ISDs) and school districts (a public school academy/charter school is considered a district). Though the data can only be examined at these levels and not at school building levels, the actual special education services can take place in a variety of settings such as homes, classrooms, and residential treatment centers.
Also be aware that it’s common for an ISD or district to have programs that meet the special needs of students from other communities and nonpublic schools, or for those younger or older than standard kindergarten through 12th grade. If you notice a “school created by ISD” in the list of schools, or that a particular ISD or district has significantly higher special education percentages, this could be the case.
The data is presented by school year and entity (state, ISD, and district levels), and shows student counts grouped by birth-age 2, ages 3-5, ages 6-21, and ages 22-26. Clicking the name of an entity in a table will display the entity breakdown (for example, clicking an ISD’s name will result in a table showing all the districts within that ISD). Clicking on a column header will sort the data in that column. You can view either a single year snapshot or year-to-year trend starting with the 2011-12 school year.
See MI School Data’s other special education data portrait reports to better understand how special education is delivered in Michigan. You can explore by disability type and by demographic factors such as gender and race/ethnicity, grade level, and the educational settings where the special education services are provided.
Exploring the Special Education Age Range report will answer questions such as:
What percent of Michigan students receive special education?
Choose statewide, ISD, or district under Edit Report/Find Location. The table at the top of your report will show the total head count along with special education count and percentage for the year you selected.
How many students in my school receive special education services?
Choose your school district under Edit Report/Find Location, or by clicking your district in the Entity column of the data table. The table at the top displays, for the state, your intermediate school district, and your selected school district, the total number of students receiving special education.
In what age group are special education services concentrated?
Choose statewide, ISD, or district under Edit Report/Find Location. The report will return a graph and a data table that shows the percent of special education students by age group.
Are my district’s special education numbers in each age group proportionate to the state, and ISD rates?
Choose your school district under Edit Report/Find Location (another way is simply to click on its name in the data table). The resulting table shows, for each age group column, the number and percent of special education students. Compare the state and ISD figures in the top rows with your district’s numbers below.
How does my district’s data compare to other districts?
You can compare districts within your ISD by selecting your ISD and All Schools in District under Edit Report/Find Location, or by clicking the ISD name in the data table’s Entity column. To compare with a district outside of your ISD, you will have to create separate reports for each.
Is the percentage of boys receiving special education services about the same as the percentage of girls?
Special education data by gender can be found in the MI School Data report titled Educational Settings and Demographics found in the Special Education Data Portraits section.
I would like to examine the complete data for all the schools in the state. How can I get that report?
The full data spreadsheet will soon be available to authorized users in the K-12 School Data File
For the Special Education Age Range report, CEPI counts the number of children receiving special education under an Individualized Education Program (IEP) or other service plan. Service plans are developed for children under age two-and-a-half as well as for nonpublic students who receive special education through a public school.
The statewide special education count in each of the special education data portrait reports reflects the population of students included. The Disability, Age Range, and the Count and Percent by Disability reports include special education students from birth to age 26, as served under Michigan law. However, the Demographics reports, including gender, race/ethnicity, and grade Level reports, are limited to students in grades K-12.
The data are collected as of the first Wednesday in October; the child’s age is as of the data collection date.
The report will be updated annually in early spring.
Details about how full-time equivalency (FTE) is determined when a child receives education through more than one district can be found in the resources section of CEPI’s Michigan Student Data System (MSDS) web page.
All of the special education data portrait reports come from the federally-required annual special education child count. Each data element reported here is submitted in February to the U.S. Department of Education (USED) in state- and district-level EdFacts reports. Summary data from earlier years can be found at the USED Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA) Data Accountability Center website.
Total K-12 Head Count - Unduplicated count of kindergarten-grade 12 students for that entity, including special education students in grades K-12. Note that this head count does not include ungraded special education students, those below school age, and those who may receive special education services through age 26.Total count of all students, including special education students in grades K-12. Note that the headcount does not include ungraded special education students, those below school age, and those who may receive special education services through age 26.
Special Ed Count - Total count of students, birth-age 26, who are receiving special education services. Percent is calculated as Special Ed Count divided by Total K-12 Head Count.
Age Group Count - The number of special education students in each age grouping: Birth-Age 2, Ages 3-5, Ages 6-21, and Ages 22-26.
Age Group Percent - The percent of special education students in that age grouping (age group total divided by total special education count).
LEA - Local educational agency such as a school district or charter school/public school academy (PSA).
Entity - State, intermediate school district (ISD), school district or public school academy (PSA).
<10, <5%, >95% - The data will not display when there is a risk of identifying an individual student.
To protect the privacy of individual students, CEPI uses data suppression rules. Whenever report settings would yield fewer than 10 students, less than 5 percent, or over 95 percent in any grouping, the data will not display.
The Center for Educational Performance and Information (CEPI) collected the data used to compile this report. The databases used include:
· CEPI's Michigan Student Data System (MSDS), to locate the student's district and intermediate school district demographics. Specific rules about the collection can be found in the MSDS Collection Details Manual.
· In the State count table, the Special Education percent is calculated by dividing the Special Education Count by the Total K-12 Head Count for the State, ISD and LEA.
· Percentages by age categories are calculated by dividing the age category count by the Special Education Count.
Alert! You must choose valid Report Settings to view data.
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