The Educational Setting and Demographics report shows the settings where students receive special education services, as well as gender, race/ethnicity, disability type, and grade level breakdowns.
The data are used for monitoring the programs and activities required under the federal Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), which protects the education rights of children with disabilities and their families. IDEA covers the following:
Individualized Education Program (IEP), Free Appropriate Public Education (FAPE), Least Restrictive Environment (LRE), appropriate evaluation, active participation of families and procedural safeguards are the tenets of IDEA. IDEA also addresses confidentiality, transition, and discipline for students with disabilities. More about federal and state special education laws and policies can be found on the Michigan Department of Education website.
Although IDEA covers birth through age 21, Michigan is a birth to age 26 state and those counts are reflected here.
This report includes Michigan students with one or more specific impairments that require special education or related services and have an Individualized Education Program (IEP). Please note that a student can have a disability or impairment but not require special education services. To receive special education services and be included in this report, the student must have one of the thirteen impairment types shown, and have an IEP or similar service plan. The Michigan Administrative Rules for Special Education (MARSE) contains detailed definitions of each disability type.
In Michigan, special education is provided by intermediate school districts (ISDs) and school districts (a public school academy/charter school is considered a district). Though the data can only be examined at these levels and not at school building levels, the actual special education services can take place in a variety of settings such as homes, classrooms, and residential treatment centers.
Also be aware that it’s common for an ISD or district to have programs that meet the special needs of students from other communities and nonpublic schools, or for those younger or older than standard kindergarten through 12th grade. If you notice a “School Created by ISD” in the list of schools, or that a particular ISD or district has significantly higher percentages in one category or another, this could be the case.
After selecting an entity (state, intermediate school district, or district/public school academy), you can request reports that show the distribution of special education students by gender, by grade level, and by disability type. You can also define reports that show the educational settings where special education is provided—classrooms, home, residential facilities, and others—for different age groups. You can do comparisons to see how student ratios differ between entities, and view either a single year snapshot or by year-to-year trend.
Exploring the Educational Setting and Demographics report will answer questions such as:
Does my district place high rates of students with an IEP in general education classrooms?
Choose your district under Edit Report/Find Location. For Report Category, choose Educational Setting in the age range you wish to examine; for Student Group select Inside the Gen Ed Classroom 80% or more. Click View Results. The graph will show how your ISD and district compare with state percentages. The table will show all the educational settings for students in that age range, and the percentage in each setting.
In what grades are special education services concentrated?
Choose statewide, ISD, or district under Edit Report/Find Location. For Report Category choose Grade, then select the Student Group you wish to see. The report will render a graph that shows the percent of special education students in the grade you selected. The report’s data table will show the distribution of all special education students by grade, providing both the count and percentage.
In my district, are special education students in each disability category proportionate to the state, and ISD rates?
Choose your school district under Edit Report/Find Location. For Report Category, select Count and % by Disability, and then choose any disability under Student Group settings.The report will render a graph that shows the percent of special education students in the disability type you selected. The report’s data table will show the distribution of all special education students by disability type, providing both the count and percentage along with the state and ISD percentages.
How does my district’s data compare to other districts in my ISD?
Choose your school district under Edit Report/Find Location, then click the blue Add Comparison button to add another school district. You can compare one ISD to another ISD, or one district to another district. If your comparison is not an equivalent entity type only one of your school choices will appear in the report.
What is the race/ethnicity breakdown for special education students?
Choose statewide, ISD, or district under Edit Report/Find Location. For Report Category, select Race/Ethnicity (% of Special Ed Student), and then choose any race/ethnicity under Student Group settings.The report will render a graph that shows the percentage of all special education students for the race/ethnicity you have chosen. The data table will list the percentage for every race/ethnicity. Click on any of the race/ethnicity links in the table and the graph will display the percentage for that race/ethnicity.
How does my ISD’s data compare to other ISDs in the state?
Choose your ISD under Edit Report/Find Location, and select All Districts in ISD, then click the blue Add Comparison button to add another ISD. If your comparison is not an equivalent entity type only one of your school choices will appear in the report.
For the Educational Setting and Demographics report, CEPI counts the number of children receiving special education under an Individualized Education Program (IEP) or other service plan. Service plans are developed for children under age two-and-a-half as well as for nonpublic students who receive special education through a public school.
This is an unduplicated count, meaning a child is counted once and only once, even if attending more than one facility or having multiple disabilities.
The data are collected as of the first Wednesday in October; the child’s age is as of the data collection date.
The report will be updated annually in early spring.
For more detailed definitions of each disability type under both state and federal guidelines, see Michigan Administrative Rules for Special Education (MARSE).
Details about how full-time equivalency (FTE) is determined when a child receives education through more than one district can be found in the resources section of CEPI’s Michigan Student Data System (MSDS) web page.
All of the special education data portrait reports come from the federally-required annual special education child count. Each data element reported here is submitted in February to the U.S. Department of Education (USED) in state- and district-level EdFacts reports. Summary data from earlier years can be found at the USED Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA) Data Accountability Center website.
To protect the privacy of individual students, CEPI uses data suppression rules. Whenever report settings would yield fewer than 10 students, less than 5 percent, or over 95 percent in any grouping, the data will not display.
Student Count - Unduplicated count of students for that entity.
Special Ed Count - The count of special education students in the report category chosen.
Entity - State, intermediate school district (ISD), school district or public school academy (PSA) that provides special education services.
LEA - Local educational agency such as a school district or charter school/public school academy (PSA).
Disability Type - For more detailed definitions of each disability type under both state and federal guidelines, see Michigan Administrative Rules for Special Education (MARSE).
Educational Settings - The location or facility type where the student participates in special education programs or services. Educational settings are different for each age group. For full descriptions, refer to the Special Education Componentin the Michigan Student Data System (MSDS) Collection Details Manual.
Ungraded - Students receiving special education services who are not assigned a grade level. For school years through 2011-12, these students may be of any age. Beginning with the 2012-13 school year, a student must be age 18 or older as of December 1 to be included in the ungraded category.
Race/Ethnicity (% of Special Ed Student) - The number of special education students in each race/ethnicity along with the percent (special education race/ethnicity count divided by total Special Ed Count).
Race/Ethnicity (Special Ed % of Head Count) - The percentage of all students participating in special education for each race/ethnicity.The count of students is the number of special education students in each race/ethnicity. The denominator is the count of all students for that race/ethnicity.
<10, <5%, >95% - The data will not display when there is a risk of identifying an individual student.
The Center for Educational Performance and Information (CEPI) collected the data used to compile this report. The databases used include:
In the Report Category table (the second table under graph), the percentages for the characteristic of the report category is calculated by dividing the characteristic entity (ISD or LEA) count by the total special education count at the respective entity level. In other words, the percentage for ISD equals ISD count in second table divided by ISD count in first table. The same is true for the LEA calculation.
For example, if the Report Category is Gender, then the characteristics are male and female. The percentage for female in the Gender table for ISD is the count of females in the Gender table at ISD divided by count in the Student Count table on Special Ed Count row for the ISD.
Alert! You must choose valid Report Settings to view data.
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